Making Text Adjustments in Inkscape

Contents
  1. These five options will help you master any text
  2. Change the spacing between each letter
  3. Change the spacing between each word
  4. Change horizontal kerning
  5. Shift characters vertically
  6. Change character rotation

These five options will help you master any text

Inkscape, a popular free vector line drawing application, allows you to set not only the usual text attributes such as font style, size and color, but also five other spacing-related attributes. You can do all of this from the text tool’s options bar.

Changing the spacing values ​​for letters and words gives you more control over how words appear on the canvas. For example, if you want a word to be stretched in the title area of ​​a poster, you can change the letter or word spacing to give it an expanded effect without increasing the font size or stretching the text.

Five spacing options let you change the spacing between certain characters and certain words, rotate individual characters on the axis, and move text up or down from the rest.

Change the spacing between each letter

Adjusting the letter spacing changes the amount of white space between each word character. When applied, it affects every single character in a text field, be it a single word, a sentence, or an entire paragraph.

Reducing the letter spacing is mainly used as a method of placing text in a limited space, but there may be times when you want to squeeze letters together to get a strong visual text effect.

  1. Select Text tool

  2. If you don’t already have text, click and drag on the document to draw a text box, or just click where you want text and start writing. For a text field, click in the field to start writing.

  3. Determine which letters or words need to be changed. Clicking in the text field changes the letter spacing for each character. If you want to adjust the letter spacing for only two or more characters, select those characters.

  4. Find the parameter letter spacing in the toolbar directly above the document. The default icon shows a bar between letters A And d

  5. Use up and down arrows after the value field (must be 0.00) to increase or decrease the interval. This method can be tedious because it moves in hundredths of a pixel by default.

  6. If this is too annoying or if you want to jump to a specific value, click in the field meaning and enter it.

Be careful not to decrease the character spacing to enter negative numbers or you will create the opposite effect.

Change the spacing between each word

Adjusting word spacing is another way to adjust text in Inkscape to fit in tight spaces. You can adjust the word spacing with a small amount of text for aesthetic reasons, but making changes to large amounts of text will likely affect readability negatively.

  1. Select Text tool

  2. Click and drag to draw a text box, or click where you want to start writing. Once you’ve selected a box, click it to start writing your text.

  3. Click and drag to highlight the words for which you want to adjust the spacing. If you want to change everything, just click in the text field.

  4. Find the parameter Space between words in the toolbar directly above the document.

  5. Use the arrows upwards And down to adjust the space. As with letters, this can be quite slow and tedious.

  6. Enter your own value to automatically jump to the desired interval.

When you increase or decrease the spacing between words, the first word does not change position, but is instead used as an anchor point for other words. If you want the text to stretch from one specific location, make sure to place the text box exactly where you want the text to start and it will stay the same regardless of the whitespace values.

Change horizontal kerning

Horizontal kerning is the process of adjusting the spacing between certain letter pairs. You can use kerning settings to visually “correct” spaces between letters, a technique often applied to logos and headlines.

  1. Select Text tool

  2. You cannot use a text box for kerning. Instead, click where you want your text and type it in.

  3. Highlight the letters you want to adjust. If the cursor is placed between two letters without selecting them, the kerning adjustment will move each letter to the right of the cursor. The selection moves only those letters.

  4. Find the parameter Horizontal kerning in the toolbar directly above the document. The icon consists of two letters A next to each other.

  5. Use the arrows upwards And down to change the value. Increasing the number moves the text to the right. Lowering it will move it to the left.

  6. Finally, you can always enter the value yourself. Negative values ​​push the text to the left of the start position.

For example, consider the word HOUSE. To increase the distance between O and U, select USE and change the kerning value to a larger number. Selecting just the O or just the U and adjusting the kerning for those letters will bring them closer to the H and S, creating a patchy appearance.

Shift characters vertically

Inkscape allows you to change the vertical position of any selected character(s). You can do this if you’re looking for a cascading look where letters seem to fall up and down the page, or if you’re about to create a unique perspective design.

  1. Select Text tool

  2. You cannot use a kerned text field. So, click where you want your text and write it.

  3. Place the cursor to the left of the character(s) you want to move vertically. You can also mark a character that is needed when you move certain characters. In other words, place the cursor after huh in HOUSE will move OUSE up or down, but selecting H will move only that letter.

  4. Find the parameter Vertical kerning in the toolbar directly above the document. The icon consists of two letters A one of which is slightly higher than the other.

  5. Use the arrows to move text upwards And down † This is the opposite of what you think. Increasing the value pushes the text down.

  6. If you mean an exact value, enter it in the box.

If you select more than one letter and both are currently in different vertical positions, they will shift to match their original positions. For example, if the H in HOUSE is already five pixels above O, shifting HO by five pixels would place H 10 pixels above USE and O five pixels above it.

Change character rotation

The last spacing option in Inkscape’s text tool is for rotation. This option is up to 180 degrees and can be applied to single characters and whole words.

  1. Select Text tool

  2. Click anywhere and write in your text.

  3. Select the character(s) you want to rotate. Moving the cursor to the left rotates one character to the right, while the selection rotates only those characters.

  4. Select Character rotation in the text toolbar above the document. The icon shows a skewed letter A

  5. Use the arrows to change the rotation. Higher values ​​rotate clockwise and lower/negative values ​​move counterclockwise.

  6. You can also specify the amount of rotation in the field.

Rotating past a certain point can cause letter chafing depending on the character spacing value.

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