Today, almost anyone can buy a car and hit the road, where many dangers await. After all, in the last year alone, 145,000 accidents occurred on Russian highways, in which 16,000 people died. These sad statistics force manufacturers to constantly work on the design of vehicles, regularly adding additional elements to them, some of which (active protection) help the driver avoid an emergency situation on the road, and the second part (passive protection ) seeks to minimize the negative consequences of road traffic traffic accidents. Therefore, today even budget car models are already equipped with intelligent electronics to prevent accidents and protective elements for all road users.

Active safety systems

The elements of this car protection complex should work to prevent traffic accidents. Well, the first sign here was the anti-lock braking system (ABS), which serial cars began to be equipped with since 1978. The effectiveness of this novelty inspired engineers to develop an anti-skid system (ESP) and electronic stability control (ESC) capable of preventing skidding.

Do not forget about the handbrake, with which the car is held on the tracks. A separate item in this list should be the suspension, tires and wheels, on the quality of which it was never recommended to save.

However, a real boom in this area began in the 21st century, when major automakers began to actively equip cars with electronic devices that, using cameras, sensors and radars, recognize in advance potentially dangerous objects and help the driver avoid a collision, including working independently with the brakes and steering wheel.

Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC), as well as other systems, have become particularly popular innovations, which even economy models are currently equipped with, over the past twenty years, including:

  • brake force distribution (EBV);
  • differential lock (EDL);
  • pedestrian detection (ADAS);
  • Hill Descent Control (HDC);
  • emergency braking (AEB).

The list, if desired, can be expanded by autopilot and night vision.

Passive safety systems

These parts of the vehicle structure are included in the works if the active protection did not work, and yet the accident occurred. The pioneer in this field was seat belts, the idea of ​​​​creating which was voiced in 1907 and implemented on production cars (in its modern form) in the late 50s of the last century.

Airbags and curtain airbags with head restraints on the seats appeared a little later and also proved their effectiveness. Therefore, it is now quite difficult to imagine a modern car without such passive protection, and owners of budget models are no longer surprised when a car is equipped with 6 airbags.

Then came the time of the car body, in which “programmed” crumple zones began to appear, maximally protecting the driver, passengers and pedestrians from damage in possible accidents. Well, systems like ERA-GLONASS should instantly and automatically report traffic accident coordinates to 24-hour dispatch services.

We hope this “little tour” will help vehicle owners assess the safety of their vehicle.