In the coming years, the activity of the astronauts in Europe will increase dramatically lua, and in preparation for that, Canada is proposing to prosecute people for crimes committed on Lua. Since NASA interrupted the Apollo program in 1975, the moon has been second to other space exploration missions. Continuing research involving surveys and rovers is still ongoing, but the huge interest in lunar exploration hasn’t been the same since the early 1970s.
But everything is ready to change in the very near future. After announcing the Artemis program in 2019, NASA is already preparing to put humans on the moon as early as 2025. And Artemis isn’t just for another routine lunar mission. Under the program, NASA will place the first woman and first coroner on the moon, explore more of the lunar surface than was possible with the Apollo program, and build a long-term human presence on the moon. It’s a big step forward in lunar exploration, and it’s moving very quickly.
But as exciting as all this is, the people who come back to you are also through new laws. When NASA ran the Apollo program, its sole purpose was to put the first humans on Earth. Everything else is secondary vision. Just as this sense of urgency is not present in future moments on the moon, some government agencies have time to reflect on how to change human activity on the moon. In this case, Canada is proposing legislation that would allow the Canadian government to prosecute people for crimes committed on Lua. Yes, we commit monthly crimes.
These lunar crimes (officially rotated as the ‘Law on the Implementation of the Lunar Civil Portal Agreement’) have been applied serially as an amendment to the Criminal Code of Canada. Besides, “A Canadian crew member who, while on a spacecraft, commits an act or omission outside of Canada which, if committed in Canada, constitutes an indicative crime, shall be deemed to have committed such act or omission in Canada.” In other words, any illegal activity on Lua can be covered in the same way as Canada alone.
While this is a potentially significant change, it is important to observe the scope of the change. If passed, Canada’s lunar crime laws will only apply to Canadian astronauts on their Monday — including the flight to the moon, time spent on the moon’s surface, and the return journey to Earth. Canada’s moon leis don’t apply to astronauts from other countries, but if the legislation is passed and approved, it could be a catalyst for other countries to do the same.
Entering into legal conversations about crimes on the moon may not seem very exciting on paper, but it is a remarkable step for humans to establish a serious presence on the planet. lua† If we want to regularly send people to our monthly visit and have long-term activity there, this is a necessary step that must be done sooner or later.
Source: Parliament of Canada